Guide for Authors

Guide for Authors

It is highly recommended to use "Mendeley" for setting the references!


Your Paper Your Way 

To facilitate the submission procedure for respected authors, the new submissions and the ones which are at the revision stage are deemed to be different in terms of the structure. As a new submission, you can follow the “Your Paper Your Way” style, which means you can provide the manuscript with a typical standard format, including all prime sections and subsections. However, when your paper is asked to be revised, will you be requested to meet the requirements in the guide for authors section of this journal. To find out more, please visit the Preparation section below. Moreover, it is highly recommended to use an online reference management system (e.g., Mendeley) for citing the references in the manuscript.


The Journal of Resource Recovery (JRR) is a multidisciplinary, open-access journal with completely Free-of-Charge publication policy. JRR welcomes contributions from research (experimental, modeling and simulation), which consider sustainable and promising technologies for resource recovery from liquid, gaseous and solid based sources. The journal emphasizes the high-tech approaches and recent progresses for sustainable and practical strategies for resource recovery. Priority is upon technological, engineering, environmental and economic aspects of specific resource recovery practices, such as reusing, recycling and recovery from a wide range of solid, liquid, and gaseous resources as well as bio-wastes. International, national or regional contributions with focus at any level of research, i.e., from individual resources or technologies, are welcomed. Contributions should emphasize scientific, technological and methodological issues, as well as the discussion of environmental, practical, and economic implications of the accomplished research.


This peer-reviewed journal provides a forum for publishing a wide range of manuscripts, including Research, Reviews, Case Studies, Perspectives, Registered Reports, Comments, and Brief Communications, from across the full range of disciplines related to resource recovery. All these types of contributions should highlight the development of sustainable technologies focusing on recovery of value-added materials and chemicals from waste resources. Moreover, all submissions must show a distinctive link with resource recovery technologies and applications. Subject areas include, but are not limited to:


  • Resource recovery from liquid waste, including:

Industrial wastewater

Seawater and deep seawater mining

Brine mining

Produced water

Urine refinery

Geothermal wastewater recovery

Pharmaceutical and biotechnology wastewater

Agro-food wastewater

Precious metal recovery from wastewater

Hydrocarbon recovery


  • Resource recovery from solid waste, including:

Waste electronic devices




Mineral and coal

Polymeric materials

Composite materials


Municipal, biological and medical waste


  • Resource recovery from gaseous waste, including:

Greenhouse gases capture, recovery and conversion

CO2 and CO capture and conversion

Air mining

Atmospheric water production

Direct air capture

Industrial gaseous waste

Biogas refinery

Pre- and post-combustion capture and recovery

Chemical-looping combustion



  • Energy recovery:

Fuel cell technology


Bioenergy and biofuels

Renewable energy from resource recovery

Blue energy

Recovery of waste thermal and cooling energy

Organic, inorganic and biowaste conversion to energy


  • Innovative technologies, processes, and tools to enhance the resource recovery
  • Life cycle assessment and management of resources and products (Emphasis is on pollution reduction, resource conservation, and improving resource efficiency and productivity)
  • Substitution of primary resources by renewable or regenerative alternatives
  • Hydrogen energy
  • Sustainable and green technologies for resource recovery
  • Multicriteria assessment of resource recovery technologies
  • Stakeholder role in future of resource recovery
  • Environmental impact and risk assessment of resource recovery technologies
  • Case studies and modeling of resource recovery technologies
  • Recovery of hazardous and radioactive resources
  • Management and strategies for nonrecoverable resources
  • Strategies for facilitation of resource recovery
  • Economic analysis of resource recovery


Manuscript Preparation 

To facilitate the submission procedure for respected authors, the new submissions and the ones which are at the revision stage are deemed to be different in terms of the structure. As a new submission, you can follow the “Your Paper Your Way” style, which means you can provide the manuscript with a typical standard format, including all prime sections and subsections. However, when your paper is asked to be revised, will you be requested to meet the requirements in the guide for authors section of this journal.

All authors should be ensured that their manuscript(s) conforms to the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) recommendations for ethics, as well as to the general JRR article requirements. All submitted manuscripts will be checked by plagiarism detection software. All articles in the JRR journal are peer-reviewed, receive a DOI, are citable, published in PDF format, and submitted for indexing in relevant digital archives.


Standard structure for the manuscripts

Please follow this order when providing the draft: Title, Authors, Affiliations, Corresponding author information, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and methods, Results and discussion, Conclusions, Acknowledgements (if any), and References. Please insert the figures and tables in an appropriate place in the manuscript. The corresponding author should be identified with an asterisk and complete contacting information. Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article and do not include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. 


Text Layout

Use single-column, double spacing, and wide (3 cm) margins on white paper. Ensure that each new paragraph is clearly indicated. Insert figures and tables on the appropriate place in the manuscript. If possible, consult a recent issue of the journal to become familiar with layout and conventions. Number all pages, consecutively; use 12 pt font size and the standard Times New Roman font. The titles should be in a bold face form. The font size for the title is 14. As the JRR journal is published in the electronic form, which follows the green publishing strategy, there is no page length limit. Figures and tables must be included in the main manuscript file, appropriately. Please keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. Most formatting codes will be removed and replaced on processing the article. In particular, do not use the word-processor's options to justify text or to hyphenate words. However, do use bold face, italics, subscripts, superscripts, etc., wherever is necessary. When preparing tables, if you are using a table grid, use only one grid for each individual table and not a grid for each row. If no grid is used, use tabs, not spaces, to align columns. The electronic text should be prepared in a way very similar to that of conventional manuscripts. Note that source files of figures, tables and text graphics will be required whether or not you embed your figures in the text. See also the section on Electronic artwork. To avoid unnecessary errors you are strongly advised to use the 'spell-check' and 'grammar-check' functions of your word-processor.  


Article structure 

Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line. The “Introduction” section should state the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results. The “Material and methods” (can also be entitled as Experimental) should provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described. If required, the “Theory/calculation” section should extend, not repeat, the background to the article already dealt with in the “Introduction” and lay the foundation for further work. In contrast, a “Calculation” section represents a practical development from a theoretical basis. In the “Results and discussion” section, results should be clear and concise, and be part of a single section, discussing the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. Extensive citation and discussion of the published literature should be avoided. The main conclusions drawn from results should be presented in a short “Conclusions” section. If any, supplementary data/information should be presented in the “Appendices” section. If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc. 


Essential title page information 

The “Title” should be concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Please avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible. Author names and affiliations should be presented in a complete form. Where the family name may be ambiguous (e.g., a double name), please indicate this clearly. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each author. The corresponding author should clearly be indicated. The corresponding author will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that phone numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address. Contact details must be kept up to date by the corresponding author. If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a 'Present address' (or 'Permanent address') may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes. 


A concise and factual abstract is required. Each paper should be provided with an abstract of 150-250 words. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself. 


Graphical abstract 

A graphical abstract is mandatory for all types of submissions. It should summarize possess high quality and the contents of the article in a concise, pictorial form designed to capture the attention of a wide readership online. Authors must provide original images that clearly represent the work described in the article. Graphical abstracts should be submitted as a separate file in the online submission system. Please provide an image with a minimum of 531×1328 pixels (h×w) or proportionally more. The image should be readable at a size of 5×13 cm using a regular screen resolution of 96 dpi. Preferred file types: TIFF, EPS, JPEG, PDF or MS Office files. 



Highlights (3 to 5 bullet points, maximum 85 characters, including spaces, per bullet point) are mandatory for the JRR journal. They should be provided in aseparated file and submitted with other files. Please use 'Highlights' in the file name (maximum 85 characters, including spaces, per bullet point). 



Immediately after the abstract, please provide 5 to 7 keywords to be included in an article, using American spelling and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (ie., "and", "of", etc.). Only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes. 



Define abbreviations that are not standard in this field in a footnote to be placed on the first page of the article. Such abbreviations that are unavoidable in the abstract or test must be defined at their first mention there. Ensure the consistency of abbreviations throughout the article. 



Present the acknowledgement(s) in a separate section at the end of the article before the "References” section and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. Make a list of fund providers and those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.). 


Math formulas 

Please use the Microsoft Equations tool for typing the equations. Simple formulas in the line of normal text should be presented where possible. Please use the solidus (/) instead of a horizontal line for small fractional terms, e.g., X/Y. 


Follow internationally accepted rules and conventions: use the international system of units (SI). If other units are necessary to be presented, their equivalent in SI is required. 



To present electronic artwork (general points), please make sure you use uniform lettering and sizing of your original artwork, embed the used fonts if the application provides that option, aim to use the (Arial, Courier, Times New Roman, Symbol, or use fonts that look similar) fonts in your illustrations, number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text, use a logical naming convention for your artwork files, provide captions to illustrations separately, size the illustrations close to the desired dimensions of the printed version, submit each illustration as a separate file.

Please do not supply files that are optimized for screen use (e.g., GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG); these typically have a low number of pixels and limited set of colors; do not supply files that are too low in resolution; do not submit graphics that are disproportionately large for the content. 

For presenting the color artwork, please make sure that artwork files are in an acceptable format (TIFF or JPEG) and with a high resolution. 


Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Please place the footnotes below the table body and indicate them with superscript lowercase letters. Avoid vertical rules. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. The JRR journal discourages publication of simple one parameter tables; such information should be preferably described in the text itself.


Figure captions 

Ensure that each illustration has a caption. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used. Multiple figures can be expressed as one figure (e.g., 1a, 1b, 1c etc.). 


The maximum number of references for letters/short communications, editorial notes, and letters is 50. For other types of manuscripts, including original research papers and review papers there is no limitation for references. However, the self-citation should not exceed 10%. Please also use the Digital Object Identifier (DOI) for all cited references.

It is highly recommended to use "Mendeley" for setting the references!

Citation in text 

Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Please void citing references in the “Abstract” section. Unpublished results and personal communications are not permitted to be used in the reference list. In case of web references, at least, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list. 

Reference style

Text: All citations in the text should refer to:

Single author: the author's name (without initials, unless there is ambiguity) and the year of publication; two authors: both authors' names and the year of publication; three or more authors: first author's name followed by 'et al.' and the year of publication. Citations may be made directly (or parenthetically). 

Examples: 'as demonstrated (Allan, 2000a, 2000b; Allan and Jones, 1999). Kramer et al. (2010) have recently shown ....' 

List: References should be arranged first alphabetically, and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters 'a', 'b', 'c', etc., placed after the year of publication. 

Reference to a journal publication:

Van der Geer, J., Hanraads, J.A.J., Lupton, R.A., 2010. The art of writing a scientific article. J. Sci. Commun. 163, 51–59. 

Reference to a book:

Strunk Jr., W., White, E.B., 2000. The Elements of Style, fourth ed. Longman, New York.

Reference to a chapter in an edited book:

Mettam, G.R., Adams, L.B., 2009. How to prepare an electronic version of your article, in: Jones, B.S., Smith, R.Z. (Eds.), Introduction to the Electronic Age. E-Publishing Inc., New York, pp. 281–304. 

Reference to a website:

Cancer Research UK, 1975. Cancer statistics reports for the UK. (accessed 13 March 2003).

Journal abbreviations source:

Journal names should be abbreviated according to the “List of Title Word Abbreviations. Please find more here!

The abbreviation for the Journal of Resource Recovery is “JRR”.


Supplementary data 

Supplementary material such as applications, images and sound clips, can be published with your article to enhance it. Submitted supplementary items are published exactly as they are received. Please submit your material together with the article and supply a concise, descriptive caption for each supplementary file. If you wish to make changes to supplementary material during any stage of the process, please make sure to provide an updated file.


Submission checklist 

The following list will be useful during the final checking of an article prior to sending it to the journal for review. Please consult this Guide for Authors for further details of any item.

Ensure that the following items are present: 

One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details (E-mail address, full postal address, and phone number).

All necessary files have been uploaded, and contain (Keywords, all figure captions, all tables (including title, description, footnotes)).

Further considerations (Manuscript has been 'spell-checked' and 'grammar-checked', references are in the correct format for this journal, all references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa, permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Web), and use of the Digital Object Identifier). 


Manuscript Submission

Cover letter

At the submission stage, including a cover letter to the journal’s editor is compulsory. The covering letter must declare that all authors have reached to a mutual agreement for submitting the paper to the Journal of Resource Recovery, it is the original work of the authors, the manuscript was not previously submitted to other journals and will not before reaching the final decision by JRR, state the novelty in results and findings, or significance of results, complete information of corresponding author(s) (full name, affiliation, Tel/fax number, E-mail, and academic degree and position). 


Journal of Resource Recovery (JRR) publishes original articles, review articles, short communications, and case studies, which cover above-mentioned topics as well as all aspects of resource recovery. Review articles would be generally invited by the journal’s Editors. However, should you like to submit a review manuscript, feel free to contact one of the editors.


Ethical concerns

The publication of an article in JRR, as an international, peer-reviewed journal, plays a dominant role in the development of a coherent and scientific community. It is a direct reflection of an authentic work of the authors and their institutions. Peer-reviewed articles support and embody the scientific method. Agreement on the ethical standards is crucial to all parties involved in the publishing process: the authors, the journal editors, the peer reviewers, and the publishers.

Duties of authors include reporting standards, data access and retention, originality and plagiarism, hazards and human or animal subjects, multiple redundant or concurrent publication, authorship of the paper, disclosure and conflicts of interest, fundamental errors in published works, and acknowledgement of funds and sources.

Duties of editors include involvement and full cooperation in investigations, publication decision, unbiased and fair manner and manuscript evaluation, and confidentiality, as well as disclosure and conflicts of interest. 

Duties of reviewers include follow the confidentiality rules, contribution to editorial decision, promptness, and standards of objectivity, as well as disclosure and conflicts of interest. 

The publisher (Membrane Industry Development Institute) ensures clear and ethical publication procedures (i.e., editorial decisions are not affected by the advertising, reprint or other commercial revenues). Moreover, the publisher welcomes to communicate with other journals and/or publishers whenever it is needed. The publisher is also ready to cooperate with other publishers, associations, scientific societies, and industry to set standards for best practices on ethical issues, errors, retractions, and preparation of specialized legal reviews and counsel, if any. 


Plagiarism Detection 

The peer-review process is essential for the success of scientific publishing. As part of our commitment to the protection and enhancement of the peer-review process, the publisher has an obligation to assist the scientific community in all aspects of publishing ethics, especially in cases of (suspected) duplicate submission or plagiarism. 


Changes to authorship 

This policy concerns the addition, deletion, or rearrangement of author names in the authorship of accepted manuscripts, which is completely forbidden. However, before the accepted manuscript is published online in the proposed issue, only the rearrangement of the authors names, however, with the agreement of all authors, must be sent to the Journal Manager from the corresponding author of the accepted manuscript. The request letter must include the clear reason(s) of the re-arrangement of names. Any requests to r re-arrange the author names in an article published in an online issue will follow the same policies as noted above and result in a corrigendum. 



Upon submission of an article, authors will be asked to complete a 'Journal Publishing Agreement'. An e-mail will be sent to the corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript together with a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' form or a link to the online version of this agreement. 


Conflict of interest 

All authors are requested to disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest including any financial, personal, or other relationships with other co-authors, other people or organizations within four years of beginning the submitted work that could inappropriately influence, or be perceived to influence, their work. 


Role of the funding source 

You are requested to identify who provided financial support for the conduct of the research and/or preparation of the article and to briefly describe the role of the sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the article for publication.


Submission declaration and verification 

Submission of a manuscript implies that the work described has not been published previously (except as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication in any other journals, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published in any other journals, books or conferences in the same form, in English or in any other language, including electronically without the written consent of the copyright-holder (i.e., the publisher).  


Language and language services 

All submitted manuscripts should be written in good English. Either American or British usage are accepted, but not a mixture of these. The usage of first person (we, us, our) in the text should be avoided. Please note that poor language may cause the rejection of the manuscript. 


Manuscript Submission 

Submission to this journal proceeds a user friendly online system. The authors will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of the files. The system automatically converts source files to a single PDF file of the article, which is used in the peer-review process. Please note that even though manuscript source files are converted to PDF files at submission for the review process, these source files are needed for further processing after acceptance. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revision, takes place by e-mail removing the need for a paper trail. Please submit your article via

Please submit, with the manuscript, the names, addresses and e-mail addresses of 4 potential reviewers. Note that the editor retains the sole right to decide whether or not the suggested referees are invited to evaluate your submission. 

One of the editors first evaluates your manuscript on scientific and technical aspects. The manuscript can be rejected or revisions may be requested for the first submission. Manuscripts accepted at this stage are passed to the handling editor who can also reject on the basis of novelty, insufficient originality, serious scientific flaws, or because the work is considered outside the aims and scope of the journal. Those that meet the minimum criteria are passed on to experts for review. Referees advise the editor, who is responsible for the final decision to accept or reject the article. Any Editor's decision at this stage is final. 


Publication of Articles 

After acceptance, the JRR journal will publish articles quickly online. The publication in this journal is completely free of charge. Please note that the requests for delayed publication of the accepted articles are generally not acceptable. 



One set of page proofs (as PDF files) will be sent by e-mail to the corresponding author or, a link will be provided in the e-mail so that authors can download the files themselves. If, for any reason, this is not possible, then mark the corrections and any other comments (including replies to the Query Form) on a printout of your proof and return by e-mail. Please use this proof only for checking the typesetting, editing, completeness and correctness of the text, tables and figures. Significant changes to the article as accepted for publication will only be considered at this stage with permission from the Editor. We will do everything possible to get your article published as soon as possible and accurately. To do this, it is essential to send the corrected proof within 72 hours. It is important to ensure that all corrections are sent back to us in one communication: please check carefully before replying, as inclusion of any subsequent corrections cannot be guaranteed. Proofreading is solely your responsibility. Please note that the Publisher will proceed with the publication of your article if no response is received within 72 h after sending the proof to the corresponding author.


Copyright (Open Access Publishing) 

All materials including Articles published in Journal of Resource Recovery will be Open-Access articles distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution License (